What is in vitro fertilization?

test tube baby

What is in vitro fertilization?

In Vitro Fertilization is a laboratory technique that allows us to fertilize an egg with a sperm outside the uterus.

It is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology. The procedure can be done using your own eggs and your partner's sperm. However, the in vitro fertilization you could also use eggs, sperm, or embryos from an unknown or anonymous donor. In some cases, a gestational surrogate could be used (a woman who has an embryo implanted in her uterus).

To carry out this procedure, it is necessary to hormonally stimulate the patient in a controlled way and obtain her eggs, which are then fertilized in vitro in the laboratory, where they are cultivated for a few days. One of those embryos is transferred back to the uterine cavity and the remaining ones are cryopreserved for future use.

test tube baby
healthy pregnancy

In which cases are recommended performing an In Vitro Fertilization?

The In Vitro Fertilization is a treatment for infertility or for genetic problems, It can be done with donor’s or partner’s sperm, and allows us to facilitate the fertilization process when there are other causes that make it difficult.

This treatment is recommended for:

Why does the Fertility Center Colombia Clinic offer these guarantees to achieve a pregnancy?

In our Fertility Center Colombia fertility and assisted reproduction clinic we have only reimbursed 0,3% of cases. So the remaining 99,6% have managed to conceive a healthy baby

We have some of the best laboratories and doctors specialized in Assisted Reproduction, which guarantees us the best pregnancy success rates.

We have the best human talent; we are committed to innovation and continuous research.

We have the technological tools to apply the necessary techniques to achieve a pregnancy.

In Vitro Fertilization Treatments

artificial insemination

IVF Own eggs and partner's semen (conventional IVF)

We extract the eggs and fertilize them, in the laboratory, with your partner's sperm. Once we have developed the embryos, we introduce them into the uterus to continue their development.

artificial insemination with sperm donation

IVF Own eggs and donor semen

We extract and fertilize the eggs with the semen of a donor. The sample has optimal conditions of quality and quantity of sperm, since it comes from a healthy donor. Once fertilized, the egg becomes a pre-embryo and is transferred to the uterus for further development.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

IVF Donor eggs and partner's semen (IVF with egg donation)

We fertilize a donor's eggs with your partner's sperm. Once fertilized, the egg becomes a pre-embryo and is transferred to the uterus for further development.

ICSI in vitro fertilization

IVF Donor eggs and donor semen

We fertilize the eggs of a donor with the semen of a donor (both anonymous). We fertilize an egg with a sperm outside the uterus, which generates a certified probability of pregnancy greater than 90%.

IVF with frozen sperm

In Vitro Fertilization ICSI

ICSI is an in vitro fertilization technique that involves the insemination of an egg by micro-injection of a sperm into it. Using ICSI, only one sperm per egg is required, whereas in classical IVF without ICSI, 50.000 to 100.000 sperm are required.

It is aimed at married women couples who decide to have a baby together and want to actively participate in the pregnancy

It is aimed at married women couples who decide to have a baby together, and want to actively participate in the pregnancy. One undergoes ovarian stimulation to extract and fertilize her eggs, while the other receives the embryo in her uterus and develops the pregnancy.

Fundamental steps for IVF

Fundamental steps for IVF

Step 1: Stimulation (also called super ovulation)

Medications, commonly called fertility drugs, are administered to the woman to increase egg production. Normally, a woman produces one egg per month. Fertility drugs cause the ovaries to produce several eggs.

During this step, The woman will undergo regular transvaginal ultrasounds to examine the ovaries, and blood tests to check hormone levels.

Step 2: Egg removal

Minor surgery, called follicular aspiration, is done to remove the eggs from the woman's body. The procedure is almost always performed on an outpatient basis in the doctor's office. Medications are administered to the woman so that she does not feel pain during the procedure.

Using ultrasound images as a guide, The health care provider inserts a thin needle through the vagina and, in turn, into the ovary and the sacs (follicles) that contain the eggs. The needle is connected to a suction device, which draws the eggs and fluid out of the follicle, one at a time.

Step 3: Insemination and fertilization

The man's sperm is put together with the best-quality eggs. The mixture of sperm and egg is called insemination.
The eggs and sperm are then stored in an environmentally controlled chamber. Generally, the sperm enters an egg (that is, fertilizes it) a few hours after insemination.

Step 4: Culture of the embryo

When the fertilized egg divides, it becomes an embryo, and laboratory staff will monitor it regularly to make sure it is growing properly. After approximately 5 days, the embryo has several actively dividing cells.

Couples who are at high risk of transmitting a genetic (inherited) disorder to a child may consider having a Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (“PGD”). The procedure is carried out approximately between the 3rd and 4th day after fertilization. 

Laboratory scientists remove a single cell from each embryo and examine the material for specific genetic disorders.

Step 5: Transfer of the embryo

The embryos are placed inside the woman's uterus 3 to 5 days after the egg is removed and fertilized.

The doctor inserts a thin tube (catheter) into the vagina, which contains the embryos, passing through the cervix into the uterus. If an embryo sticks (or implants) to the lining of the uterus and grows there, then pregnancy occurs.

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